Violence in close relationship
* is any act that hurts, pains, scares or violates
* may be physical, psychological, sexual, material, honorary or threatened with any of these. Often it is a combination of several forms of violence
* addressed to partners, children and / or other related persons. Violence usually occurs in the home and is exercised by a close relative
* is a violation of Swedish law.
Violence forms can be divided into six groups:
- Physical Violence : Includes the use of any form of physical power, including kicks, strokes, shackles, striking grips and the use of tools or weapons. This form of violence is considered to be the most fundamental when it affects physical existence through concrete fear of personal injury or death.
- Mental Violence : Comprises harm, offense or scare, partly by dominating or controlling other people by means of direct threats, indirect threats, jealousy, degrading and humiliating behavior, control, emotional violence and isolation. There may also be threats to other people who are important to the victim, such as parents or children.
- Sexual Violence : Includes all actions directed against an individual’s sexuality, which harms, hurts, scares or causes this person to do anything against his own will. It can range from sexual harassment, blotting, to sexual pressure, rape and sexual torture.
- Material Violence : Comprises material damage in the form of tearing clothes, throwing things, hitting walls or doors, in order to scare or violate. It’s often that these things are of major importance to the victim. If the violent practitioner has previously exercised physical violence, material violence may seem terribly scary and paralyzed. The perpetrator may also control the economy and material assets in order to raise their own power, as well as to isolate and complicate the victim of violence to leave the relationship.
- Latent violence : This means that violence is constantly present by virtue of its ability. The victim of a close relationship develops a strategic and adaptable behavior that is constantly prepared to avoid new violence.
- Honor-related – Honor-related violence is a complex concept. There is yet to be a unified scientific definition of what is related to genocide violence, but there is a consensus about the fact that the related violence is collectively practiced (there are several perpetrators) and that both men and women can be exposed. Honor-related violence is carried out in a context where collective honors are thought to be dependent on women’s behavior, often dressed in sexual terms. Being “virgin” or “whore” is crucial to the woman’s reputation and affect the honor of the collective. The rumor is ruling and does not need to be about something actually done. What others say and think may have as much impact as an actual act. Even men also suffer from honor-related violence. They may be exposed if they have violated the family / family norms in different ways, selected a partner who has not been accepted, protected a woman with poor reputation or if they are perceived / are gay, bi, or transgender. The collective honor and reputation is superior to the free will and prosperity of the individual.
These types of violence are often combined and can also include violence and threats to children, other close relatives and pets.
Isdal, (2002). The view of violence